Answer: It's still available through /usr/ucb/whoami . The difference to Solaris 10 is, that this command became part of an optional package as described in a previous post. The BSD commands are still available through this package. They are deprecated and it is not a good idea to use this command since it may be removed in future.
Just in case: The whoami command displays the effective user:
sschneid@krachkaste:/home/sschneid $ whoami sschneid
Option for Solaris 11 (only...)
Stop using this command in /usr/ucb/whoami and use the GNU version of the command which is available in /usr/bin/whoami. The command is a different implementation. It doesn't matter since whoami has no options and it's doing the same by showing the effective user.
Anyone who is using a search path with /usr/bin before /usr/ucb/bin and a relative command invocation will not see any problems in Solaris 10 or 11.
What to do if the command is hard coded and it is supposed to work on Solaris 10 and Solaris 11 without any changes in the script?
Option for Solaris 10 and Solaris 11
The pity is that /usr/ucb/whoami is available by default only on Solaris 10. /usr/bin/whoami is available only on Solaris 11.
Solution: Switch from the whoami command to the
command. It shows as well the effective user and it is available on both versions of Solaris by default in the same place
It's not an option to use /usr/bin/id on Solaris 10 since it is not the xpg4 compliant implementation and it doesn't accept the -un option. The Solaris 11 version of /usr/bin/id is able to master the trick since it is xpg4 compliant.
Alternative option (honorable mention): The commmand
$ expr "`id`" : '.*(\(.*\)) gid='
will do the trick as well on Solaris 10 as well as 11. It extracts the effective user with expr. (contributed by Joachim Wolf).